Child Rights Summary
This is a summary of the main Child Rights as we see them. To see the full description of child rights please look at the downloads of the international conventions (availbale on this site).
All children are equal,
Without discrimination, irrespective of race, colour, sex, national or ethnic origin, language, religion, political opinion, wealth or social origin, birth or disabilities of any kind.
The right to have a name and nationality.
The child is entitled to bear a family name and a given name and to have a nationality. If the child is abandoned in the hospital or found, the medical unit has the obligation to notify the police and the local authority in order to register the birth.
The right to education.
In Romania the state guarantees compulsory and free education for all children, irrespective of social or ethnic origin, gender or religion. The parents have the obligation to register their children in school and to make sure they regularly attend classes.
The right to freedom of expression.
The child is free to receive and diffuse any kind of information which is in accordance with his/her well being. Parents or persons taking care of the child have the obligation to give them information, advice and explanations and to allow them to freely express their ideas and opinions. Children are free to practise their own religion.
The right to health care.
A child's access to medical services and medication is guaranteed by the state; the parents have the obligation to solicit medical assistance in order to ensure the health of the child.
The right to special care for disabled children,
In order to gradually remove the economic and social barriers for disabled children and to build an environment in which disabled children are accepted among children of the same age and into the life of the community.
The right to be protected against any form of violence, abuse or neglect.
People working with children have the obligation to report to public services any suspected case of abuse or neglect. The law forbids any form of physical punishment, at home or in an institution which is supposed to ensure the protection and education of children.
The right to protection for children without families.
Children deprived of their family are entitled to protection and assistance provided by the local authority. The new law aims at developing care alternatives in substitute families (foster families in particular). Abandoned babies are now placed in local foster families.
The right to assistance for children in conflict with the law.
Under 14 years of age, children are not liable for prosecution. Over 14 years, penalties are applied only if there is proof that educational measures are not enough. If the deed committed by the child is very serious, the commission for child protection may decide the placement of the child in a special residential centre.
The right to be protected against labour and any form of exploitation.
The minimum age for employment is 15. The public authorities have to ensure that children are not employed under the legal age, in dangerous places or against their will.